Does anxiety always occur with depression?
Depression was considered a civilization disease – no wonder, as the International Health Organization says, even several hundred million people around the world suffer from depression and other mental disorders, including fears. In NZ, the number of patients reaches about 8 million. Unfortunately, it happens that in some cases, the disorders are connected with each other. Thus, the patient may experience both depression and anxiety.
How to know fear?
Most of us know, at least in general terms, what depression is. However, how to characterize anxiety? If we are often scared, does it mean that we suffer from mental disorders? In everyday communication, we sometimes use the words fear and fear interchangeably. These concepts, however, are not synonymous. Fear is the answer to a threat. We are afraid because we see an aggressive dog without a muzzle, someone is threatening us, a stranger follows us in a dark park. It is a completely natural feeling. What then is fear? It is a state of constant fear, which usually has no rational basis. It lasts a long time, it tires the psyche and body. He receives joy, makes us in a state of constant tension and depression. What can you be afraid of? A large group of people, leaving the house, open space, darkness … So if such disorders appear during depression, it is exhausting for the patient’s psyche.
Do anxiety and depression always go hand in hand?
Depression specialists stress that anxiety and depression do not always have to go hand in hand. Although not a rule, many patients experience both of these disorders. Most often they are women. Depression is characterized by a decrease in self-esteem, bad mood, fatigue, drowsiness, lack of concentration, and sleep disorders. If there is anxiety at the same time, the patient may have nightmares, wake up at night with a sense of enormous and rationally unjustified fear. It is not uncommon for a person who has been diagnosed with anxiety or depression to be worried about their future. He is afraid of loneliness, losing his job, becoming ill with an incurable disease. Very often, depressed patients have so-called pre-trial anxiety. It manifests as choking or oppression. Because of this, their depression deepens.
How to get rid of anxiety?
If we experience anxiety that does not allow us to function normally, the best option is to go to a specialist: a psychologist or psychiatrist. If you do not know which one to choose, you can sign up for a visit to the primary care physician. Then we will find out if it is enough to look for a good psychotherapist’s office, or rather we will need a referral to a psychiatrist. The decision to start treatment is certainly not easy. However, only in this way will we be able to function normally again, build relationships, without unjustified fears.